ISSN (online) 2544-1272
Prospects of tourism development in Lower Silesian Natura 2000 sites in view of plans of protection tasks
Background. The main aim of the paper was to evaluate prospects of tourism development by analysing the tourism impacts in Lower Silesian Natura 2000 sites. According to the European Union law, it can be the reason to reduce tourism flows and investments at this kind of protected areas. Material and methods. The main research materials were plans of protection tasks, which were analysed. The research was conducted in 49 Lower Silesian sites. The authors took into account the types of tourism impact and of threatened plants, animals, and habitats. Results and conclusions. Nowadays, a half of the analysed Natura 2000 sites are not threatened by tourism activities or impacts. Neither is tourism going to be limited at one third of the total number of Natura 2000 sites in the future. Bats are the species being threatened the most. Outdoor tourism activities, such as hiking, horse riding, cycling, mountaineering, rock climbing, and speleology, and the related infrastructure are the most frequently recorded as influential and can be limited in the future in some areas.
Key words: tourism, Nature 2000 sites, plans of protection tasks, the Lower Silesia province
Słowa kluczowe: turystyka, obszary Natura 2000, plany zadań ochronnych, Dolny Śląsk
Motives of the tourist activity of the seniors form the FAN association
Background. The article refers to the motives of the tourist activities undertaken by seniors form the FAN association. The aim of this study is to investigate the situation based on the opinion of two senior sections members of an association dedicated to sport promotion in the Lower Silesia. Material and methods. A short presentation of the association activity is followed by an analysis of the survey responses. The research was performed among 68 seniors. The questions concerned four main topics: the respondents’ personal status and physical condition, the preferred forms of recreational activity, the main purposes of travelling and tourist motivations, and, finally, the most important factors inhibiting the responders’ tourist activity. The group was also asked to assess the tourist offer existing on the local market in Lower Silesia, and especially to emphasise factors that should be changed. Results. The motivations of the senior tourists in the opinion of the interrogated group are different. The most popular form of tourist activity is the sightseeing excursions although the active forms like bicycling, Nordic walking or just walking are very welcomed as well. No matter the form the most frequent motivation reflects the search for the new experience and practising hobby. The other results are quite encouraging – no financial and health problems are pointed among the obstacles since 78% of the group are pleased with its health conditions. The threat may be the lack of the tourist offer dedicated exclusively for this target group and financial support. Conclusions. The tourist motivations of the seniors are different but clearly expressed and their recognition may serve as a good background for the well prepared tourist offer.
Key words: seniors in tourism, tourist motivations, tourist offer
Słowa kluczowe: turystyka seniorów, motywacje turystyczne, oferta turystyczna
The structure of regional tourist organization boards in Poland as a factor conditioning the organization effectiveness
Background. The article presents the results of quantitative and qualitative research on the structure of the boards of regional tourist organizations in Poland. The author also tried to identify the catalogue of factors in the organization boards environment that condition the level of the organization operating effectiveness. Material and methods. The desk research method was applied in the study. The conclusions were reached with the use of the comparative analysis method and the deduction method. Conclusions. The study revealed a number of regularities, but also many disparities among the structures of regional tourist organization boards, which could have a crucial impact on the effectiveness of the organizations.
Key words: regional tourist organizations, board members, effectiveness
Słowa kluczowe: regionalne organizacje turystyczne, członkowie zarządu, skuteczność
The importance of recreation and sports activities in small seaports in Poland for the social and economic development of seaside municipalities
The sailors’ growing interest in small seaports initiated an intense process of tourist infrastructure development. In most of the examined ports, the sailing base has been expanded. The implementation of investments additionally increased the demand for sports and recreation services among sailors. The availability of modern havens and marinas brings many benefits for the local communities. New companies are being created that provide services to sailors: catering and hospitality, food and souvenir supplies. As a consequence, new jobs originate. Revenues of the local communities and the municipal budgets are growing. There are also many other social advantages, difficult to quantify. Investments in tourism infrastructure are financially unprofitable for their beneficiaries, i.e. public entities; however, they generate net benefits for the local communities.
Key words: sports and recreation activity, sea sailing, small seaports
Słowa kluczowe: działalność rekreacyjno-sportowa, żeglarstwo morskie, małe porty morskie
The state of tourism development in the Sudety Mountains municipalities in view of the Tourism Area Life Cycle theory
Background. The main aim of the paper was to analyse the current situation of tourism development in the Sudety Mountains municipalities. This led the authors to establish the prospects of the future growth possibilities. Butler’s Tourism Area Life Cycle theory was applied. Material and methods. The main research method was based on statistical data of the Central Statistical Office of Poland, with reference to entities in the REGON register and newlybuilt tourism accommodation establishments. Results and conclusions. The results show that there are no municipalities at the exploration stage, and there are only two at the involvement stage. The most important tourist and spa resorts (Karpacz, Szklarska Poręba, Kudowa-Zdrój, Polanica-Zdrój) are at the maturity stage, which is the result of slowing dynamics of the tourist economy. Unfortunately, the majority of the analysed municipalities are on the decline.
Key words: TALC, Tourism Area Life Cycle, tourist function, the Sudety Mountains
Słowa kluczowe: TALC, cykl życiowy obszaru turystycznego, funkcja turystyczna, Sudety
Strategies of verbal persuasion in australian advertising messages aimed at backpackers
Background. Persuasion is the most important element of impingement in advertising. The art of persuasion uses tools that allow creation of messages in such a way that it helps to capture customers’ interest in the advertised product or service, but also has the power to persuade them to buy it. The whole range of deliberate tools are designed to aim at that goal. This article attempts to analyse advertising messages addressed to a specific target market – the backpacker. Material and methods. The analysis based on folders, brochures and flyers published in the years 2010–2014 and available at backpacking hostels, travel agencies, clubs or places associated with recreation. The qualitative research was employed. Results. Analysis of the language of persuasion used in this material allowed observation of the methods and the use of persuasive language resources and the categories of personal pronouns meant to support the development of a bond between the supplier and the consumer. Conclusions. The language of the advertising slogans and contents reflects the structure of natural speech, intentionally enhanced with linguistics means of persuasion. From the analyzed texts emerges a model profile – designed by the Australian tourism industry – of a backpacker as a consumer with clearly defined needs and expectations.
Key words: backpacking, advertising, persuasion, verbal persuasion
Słowa kluczowe: backpacking, reklama, perswazja, namawianie werbalne
Hostels as a new component of accommodation establishments in Wrocław
The tourism accommodation establishment is the main component and a basic measure of tourism industry. It is also an important determinant of tourism development in areas, regions, and resorts. In recent years, hostels have been intensively developing and gaining popularity as the newest type of accommodation. Hostels are commonly found in major centres of tourism in Western Europe, as well as in Australia, the United States or Canada. They are also growing in number and arousing more and more interest in Central European countries, particularly in Poland. However, there are very few scientific articles describing this type of accommodation establishment. The aim of the article is to present the role of hostels in the accommodation services market, with a particular emphasis on the city of Wrocław. The intention of the authors was to identify and describe major trends in the European hostel market and to use these data as a backdrop to discuss hostels in Poland, especially in Wrocław. The results show that hostels in Wrocław are highly diverse in terms of size, services provided, and quality. Global trends are quite visible but at this moment not all of them can be observed in the Polish market.
Key words: hostels, trends, tourism accommodation establishments, hostel industry
Słowa kluczowe: hostele, trendy, baza noclegowa, przemysł hotelarski
Cultural events held in the Cistercian Abbey in Lubiąż and their significance for tourism
The monastery and palace complex in Lubiąż is a magnificent example of Baroque art in Lower Silesia and part of the highest quality European cultural heritage. It owes its glory to the Cistercians. However, over the last two hundred years, the condition of the buildings has gradually deteriorated, with the Second World War and the post-war period being particularly destructive. Today, various forms of promotion are sought to save the Lubiąż Abbey; these include commercial and cultural events like the Electrocity Festival or concerts during the Wratislavia Cantans Festival. A question arises whether these events can have any major impact on the restoration of the site. Is there a link between them and the development of tourism in Lubiąż? The author’s reflections are based on an analysis of the available source information, on a free-form interview with the President of the Lubiąż Foundation, and on a survey performed among the participants of the Electrocity Festival held in the former Cistercian Abbey. In addition, the article demonstrates the value of the historic monument of Lubiąż and of its Cistercian heritage.
Key words: Cistercians, Lubiąż, Electrocity Festival
Słowa kluczowe: cystersi, Lubiąż, Electrocity Festival
Adaptive functions of the university ministry camp in Biały Dunajec
The year 2014 saw another edition of the camp of university ministries from Wrocław and Opole, held in Biały Dunajec. The camp featured over 600 participants from 14 university ministries. The main purpose of the camp was to promote the idea of active leisure in the spirit of Christianity and to prepare students for life at the university and university ministries. Among the important forms of achieving the purpose, in addition to religious practices, were leisure activities and mountain tourism. The main research question asked in the paper stems from the need to verify the effectiveness of implementing the camp programme assumptions. The authors applied the diagnostic survey method and carried out an analysis of the available source documents. The article also contains information about the valuable educational initiative addressed to Wrocław students.
Key words: university ministry, tourism and recreation, organisation of leisure time
Słowa kluczowe: duszpasterstwo akademickie, turystyka i rekreacja, organizacja czasu wolnego
Evaluation of training effectiveness in recreational sailing and its effect on the repeatability of the generated power in the upper limbs
Background. Yachting requires specialist knowledge and the skills that guarantee safety while sailing in all weather conditions. Therefore it is essential to measure the effectiveness of training – in view of the limited number of hours available – in order to improve the teaching process. The main aim of the paper was to analyze the effectiveness of the teaching methods applied in sail training and to assess the changes occurred in the subjects’ ability to control their movements due to the training. Material and methods. The sample consisted of the first-year students (men and women) of the University School of Physical Education who took part in a sailing course in Olejnica. In the 30-hour specialist part of the training, the subjects learned to sail two sloop-type sailboats. The amount of the training time for each crew on a given training vessel was the same, and both crews were trained by experienced sailing instructors. Each student was supposed to master basic sailing maneuvers in 30 hours of training within 5 days. Before and after the experiment, the subjects were examined on a kinesthesiometer that registered the repeatability of the generated force in the upper limbs. These results were used to assess the effect of sailing on movement control in terms of the numerical assessment of kinesthetic differentiation ability on the basis of the generated power repeatability. Results. A 35-hour (5h theoretical part + 30h practical) sail training carried out in the traditional way – with an instructor on board the yacht – enables beginners to acquire basic yacht maneuvering techniques. The analysis proved that 35-hour sailing course does not significantly affect the repeatability of the generated power in the upper limbs. Conclusions. In the next phase of the research, the importance of a sailing instructor should be assessed in the process of teaching techniques of maneuvering on training yachts, such as Omega-class yachts or cabin yachts, equipped with electronic devices (GPS, chip log, anemometer) which enable precise collection of information on performed maneuvers.
Key words: sailing, sail teaching, kinesthetic, sense, proprioception
Słowa kluczowe: żeglarstwo, tenika żeglowania, czucie kinestetyczne, propriorecepcja
The motivation in martial arts and sports on the example of judo and Pszczyńska Martial Art
Background. The purpose of the study was to analyze the problem of motivation in martial arts and sports. The studied sports were judo and Pszczyńska Martial Art. Material and methods. The sample consisted of 110 people in the Voivodships of Silesia and Lesser Poland. The diagnostic survey method was used. The study tool used was the Sport Motivation Scale by Luc G. Pelletier et al. Statistically significant differences were estimated at p 0.05. Results. Intrinsic motivation to know and intrinsic motivation to accomplish things proved dominant among judo contenders and people practicing Pszczyńska Martial Art, respectively. Statistically significant differences depending on the type of martial art were found in the case of introjected, identified, external regulation and amotivation. The degree significantly influenced the level of amotivation, external and identified regulation. Conclusions. The finding may be used to reduce the martial arts and sports dropout rates and to increase the number of adepts achieving mastery.
Key words: motivation, martial arts and sports, judo, recreation
Słowa kluczowe: motywacja, sztuki i sporty walki, judo, rekreacja
Organization and efficiency of cooperation abilities during attack phase in aspect of setter position at the court in a volleyball game
Background. Nowadays, if you want to achieve sustained levels of success in sport, one has to develop excellent playing skills. One of the most important things during a volleyball game is to surprise your opponent. Surprise effect can be achieved by the effective organization in attack which is managed by the setter. The aim of the study is to show an innovative identification method of cooperation abilities during attack phase, determined by the setter’s position on the volleyball court. This study also shows what kind of tendencies may occur after playing in different positions on the court. Material and methods. The research material included players from Plus Liga team – PGE Skra Belchatow, especially focused on the setter – Nicolas Uriarte. An observation method was used. Results. Organization in attack and cooperation abilities, including their efficiency, depend on the setter’s position. Conclusions. This research has shown that cooperation abilities during attack phase are related to the setter’s position and could vary in other teams.
Key words: volleyball, cooperation, surprise, efficiency, setter, position
Słowa kluczowe: piłka siatkowa, współdziałanie, efektywność, rozgrywający, pozycja, organizacja
Traditions and development of youth football in Wielkopolska in 1913–2013
Background. Youth football in Wielkopolska (Greater Poland Voivodship) has always been treated in a special, preferential way. Since the first sport associations were set up more than 100 years ago, football in Wielkopolska has had many sporting as well as organisational achievements. Wielkopolska was the first region in the country where a youth league was established. The town of Sieraków was the place where the first Junior Football Championship was held. Furthermore, the Wielkopolska Voivodship was also a pioneer in organising football championships for children under 13. It was also the home of the first women’s football club. The aim of this study was to find out what determines football development and to what extent football players have contributed to the successes of Poland national football team. Material and methods. Qualitative research was used. It based on documents found in the Archives of Football Association in Poznan and private archives and information published in the local press. Results. The analysis shows that the unquestionable successes of Wielkopolska football clubs result from the obligation imposed on the best local clubs to create youth teams as well as the passion and dedication of the clubs’ volunteers and employees.
Key words: youth football, football, Wielkopolska
Słowa kluczowe: piłkarstwo młodzieżowe, piłka nożna, Wielkopolska
Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego
al. Ignacego Jana Paderewskiego 35