Prospects of tourism development in Lower Silesian Natura 2000 sites in view of plans of protection tasks
Background. The main aim of the paper was to evaluate prospects of tourism development by analysing the tourism impacts in Lower Silesian Natura 2000 sites. According to the European Union law, it can be the reason to reduce tourism flows and investments at this kind of protected areas. Material and methods. The main research materials were plans of protection tasks, which were analysed. The research was conducted in 49 Lower Silesian sites. The authors took into account the types of tourism impact and of threatened plants, animals, and habitats. Results and conclusions. Nowadays, a half of the analysed Natura 2000 sites are not threatened by tourism activities or impacts. Neither is tourism going to be limited at one third of the total number of Natura 2000 sites in the future. Bats are the species being threatened the most. Outdoor tourism activities, such as hiking, horse riding, cycling, mountaineering, rock climbing, and speleology, and the related infrastructure are the most frequently recorded as influential and can be limited in the future in some areas.
Key words: tourism, Nature 2000 sites, plans of protection tasks, the Lower Silesia province
Słowa kluczowe: turystyka, obszary Natura 2000, plany zadań ochronnych, Dolny Śląsk