Socio-demographic conditions of patients with cardiovascular diseases
Background. Knowledge of obstacles in physical activity might be helpful in the treatment and prevention of recurrence of the cardiac diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the level of kinesiophobia and sociodemographic determinants in patients with cardiovascular diseases living in two different regions of Poland. Material and methods. The study involved 48 patients (mean age 64.58 ± 11.32 years) divided into two subgroups: 22 patients living in the province of Warmia and Mazury (I) and 26 patients living in the province of Silesia (II). The level of kinesiophobia was assessed using a Polish version of Kinesiophobia Causes Scale [KCS] questionnaire and sociodemographic factors were measured using the questionnaire developed by authors. Results. The mean values of kinesiophobia was: in group I: 38.11 ± 11.68, in group II: 48.62 ± 9.85. In group I there was a positive correlation between age and individual need of stimulation, and between male sex and power of biological drive. In group II there was a strong negative correlation between age and psychological domain, [KCS] and power of biological drive, and also between female sex and energy resources. Conclusions. Patients living in the different demographical regions of Poland are highly differentiated in terms of kinesiophobia risk factors and their sociodemographic determinants.
Key words: kinesiophobia, fear of movement, hypokinesia, cardiovascular diseases, cardiac rehabilitation
Słowa kluczowe: kinezjofobia, lęk przed ruchem, hipokinezja, schorzenia układu sercowo-naczyniowego, rehabilitacja kardiologiczna